By S. Kerth. Bradley University. 2019.
Part of a Web site with date(s) of update/revision Chlamy Center: an Online Informatics Resource for Chlamydomonas [Internet] buy levitra professional 20mg with visa finasteride erectile dysfunction treatment. Core collections; Web Sites 1843 [modifed 2006 Jan 25; cited 2007 Mar 27]; [about 3 screens] purchase 20 mg levitra professional fast delivery erectile dysfunction hiv medications. Medical liability crisis map; [updated 2006 Dec 20; cited 2007 Mar 28]; [about 2 screens]. Treating ovarian cancer with chemotherapy; [reviewed 2006 Jul 1; modifed 2006 Aug 31; cited 2007 Feb 21]; [about 4 screens]. Part of a Web site with date of citation only Complementary/Integrative Medicine [Internet]. Part of a Web site with location (pagination) estimated as page numbers MedlinePlus [Internet]. Part of a Web site with location (pagination) estimated as number of screens NursingWorld: Ofcial Web site of the American Nurses Association [Internet]. Part of a Web site with location (pagination) shown as number of paragraphs Complementary/Integrative Medicine [Internet]. Part of a Web site with location (pagination) shown as number of bytes Max-Planck-Institut fur Experimentelle Medizin [Internet]. Part of a Web site with hyperlinks so location (pagination) cannot be provided MedlinePlus: Trusted Health Information for You [Internet]. Electronic Mail and Discussion Forums Created: October 10, 2007; Updated: August 11, 2015. Electronic Mail • Sample Citation and Introduction • Citation Rules with Examples • Examples B. Blogs • Sample Citation and Introduction • Citation Rules with Examples • Examples D. Wikis • Sample Citation and Introduction • Citation Rules with Examples • Examples See also: Chapter 13 Letters and Other Personal Communication A. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Electronic Mail Te general format for a reference to an electronic mail message, including punctuation: Examples of Citations to Electronic Mail 1848 Citing Medicine Electronic mail or e-mail is a written message sent over communication networks to a single address or to multiple addressees. E-mail systems are maintained by most computer networks, and virtually all online services and Internet service providers have them. E-mail is a form of personal communication and is not ofen accepted by editors and others for inclusion in a reference list.
This is considered an abnormal finding that occurs frequently in African Grey Parrots purchase levitra professional 20 mg with visa erectile dysfunction drugs forum. Adult trematodes of Tanaisia some viruses like avian polyomavirus and infectious bragai can be found in collecting ducts of chickens order 20 mg levitra professional fast delivery erectile dysfunction natural treatment, bronchitis virus in chickens demonstrate a trophism turkeys and pigeons. Other viruses that have been associ- ated with renal lesions include Newcastle disease Noninfectious Diseases virus, paramyxovirus of pigeons, reoviruses, viruses belonging to the leukosis/sarcoma group and herpes- Congenital Defects viruses (eg, Pacheco’s disease virus and pigeon her- Agenesis and hypoplasia of part of the kidneys have pesvirus). Renal Mycotic Infections cysts have also been described and may be congenital Renal infarction as a complication of mycelium inva- in origin (Color 21. Diagnosis can be made with sion of blood vessels secondary to pulmonary mycotic urography and laparoscopy. Abdominal air sac aspergillosis with renal involvement per continuitatem has also Metabolic Disorders been reported (Color 21. In the latter case, is- Hypervitaminosis D and elevated dietary calcium chiatic nerve involvement resulted in unilateral pa- can both cause hypercalcemia and lead to deposition ralysis. Parasitic Infections This condition can be detected radiographically, and Granulomatous nephritis due to Isospora, Crypto- the history may indicate oversupplementation of cal- sporidium, Microsporidium an d Encephalitozoon cium or vitamin D in the diet. Visualization of the kidneys is enhanced by the presence of calcium phosphate crystals. Pneu- monia and consolidation of the left air sacs (arrows) are also present (courtesy of Marjorie McMillan). Suggested causes include excess dietary calcium, low phosphorous and infectious bronchitis virus. Unilateral or bilateral ureteral concrements of calcium urate can lead to postrenal renal failure. A diagnosis may be possible with cloacal palpation, radiography, excretory urography and endoscopy. Hypovitaminosis A can cause metaplasia of the epi- thelium of the ureters and collecting ducts and de- creased secretions of mucus in these structures. Amyloidosis Renal amyloidosis often occurs in Anseriformes in con- junction with amyloidosis of other organs (eg, liver) secondary to chronic inflammation. There is a deposi- tion of amyloid A, a degraded fragment of an acute phase reactant.
This –1 sium concentration exceeds 4–5 mg dL and include adaptive mechanism preserves normal magnesium nausea order levitra professional 20 mg without a prescription trazodone causes erectile dysfunction, vomiting buy generic levitra professional 20 mg line erectile dysfunction after prostatectomy, flushing, headache, drowsiness, and serum concentration even in the presence of advanced diminished deep tendon reflexes. In patients with creatinine clearance –1 –1 concentrations between 7 and 12 mg dL are often below 15 mL min mild hypermagnesemia can be associated with somnolence, hypocalcemia, absent observed. Hypermagnesemia can be seen in patients with nor- mal kidney function when magnesium intake exceeds 5. It is rarely observed in children, but is a well-appreciated complication of Hypotension usually appears when magnesium con- large magnesium infusions in pregnant women with centration exceeds 5–6 mg dL–1 and is thought to be the preeclampsia. Mg2+ is an effective described in children with Epsom salt (contain- calcium-channel blocker both intracellular and extracel- ing Mg2+ sulfate) poisoning, in laxative abusers, or lular; it also modulates the function of K+ channels in in patients receiving magnesium as a cathartic [8, cardiac muscle and aortic smooth muscle cells . Hypermagnesemia from oral magnesium salts changes are common with magnesium concentrations is more common in patients with bowel inflam- above 8 mg dL–1 but nonspecific. Complete heart block and cardiac arrest may occur Dead Sea water poisoning, since the ingested water at plasma concentrations above 18 mg dL–1. The typical dialysate for hemodialysis contains Increased concentrations of extracellular Mg pro- –1 2+ 0. Clinical manifestations progress from hyporeflexia to flaccid muscle paralysis, respiratory depression, smooth muscle paralysis with urinary retention, and ileus. Central nervous system Take-Home Pearls depression manifests with somnolence, lethargy, and › About 70% of serum magnesium (not protein bound) is coma in severe hypermagnesemia . Resulting mild hypocalcemia is usually asymp- filtered magnesium is reabsorbed in the distal tubule via tomatic and thought not to be clinically important. The next step of treatment is treatment with loop diuretics, amphotericin, calcineurin inhibitors, and cisplatin. In cases of severe symptoms, especially cardiac nesemia, familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria toxicity, intravenous calcium is given as a magnesium and nephrocalcinosis as well as autosomal dominant antagonist. Both hemo- › 7–10 day course of magnesium supplementation is neces- dialysis and peritoneal dialysis have been successfully sary to correct a symptomatic hypomagnesemia. Hemodialysis provides higher Chapter 5 Abnormalities in Magnesium Metabolism 83 References 23. Annu Rev Physiol 53:299–307 Magnesium metabolism studies in children with chronic 3. Citterio F (2004) Evolution of the therapeutic drug monitoring salt-losing tubulopathies.
Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Entire Journal Titles on the Internet purchase levitra professional 20 mg otc erectile dysfunction and diabetes ppt. Citation Rules with Examples for Entire Journal Titles on the Internet Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference order 20 mg levitra professional with amex erectile dysfunction 70 year olds. An R afer the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O afer the name means it is optional. Title (R) | Edition (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Editor (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Volume Number (R) | Issue Number (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Citation (R) | Availability (R) | Language (R) | Notes (O) 1582 Citing Medicine Title for Journal Titles on the Internet (required) General Rules for Title • Enter a journal title in the original language • Do not abbreviate any words or omit any words • Use whatever capitalization and punctuation are found in the title • Follow the title with a colon and any subtitle that appears • Follow a non-English title with a translation when possible; place the translation in square brackets • End the journal title with a space Specific Rules for Title • Journal titles not in English • Journals appearing in more than one language • Journals appearing in diferent editions Box 64. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Example: Actualites en Bref pour Maladies Infectieuses = Infectious Diseases News Brief [Internet]. Internet journal title continuing to be published under another name Edition for Journal Titles on the Internet (required) General Rules for Edition • Indicate the edition/version being cited afer the title if a journal is published in more than one edition or version • Do not abbreviate any words or omit any words • Use whatever capitalization and punctuation are found in the edition statement • Place the edition statement in parentheses, such as (British Edition) • End the edition statement with a space Specific Rules for Edition • Non-English words for editions Box 67. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Dutch Uitgave Uitg Editie Ed Finnish Julkaisu Julk French Edition Ed German Ausgabe Ausg Greek Ekdosis Ekd Italian Edizione Ed Norwegian Publikasjon Pub Portuguese Edicao Ed Russian Izdanie Izd Spanish Edicion Ed Swedish Upplaga n. Jones • Follow the name with a comma and the word "editor" • End editor information with a period Specific Rules for Editor • Names not in English Box 68. Romanization, a form of transliteration, means using the roman (Latin) alphabet to represent the letters or characters of another alphabet. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Some journals on the Internet do not display a traditional title page that clearly states the place of publication. Internet journal title with geographic qualifer added to place of publication for clarity 14. Internet journal title with unknown place of publication and publisher Publisher for Journal Titles on the Internet (required) General Rules for Publisher • Record the name of the publisher as it appears in the journal, using whatever capitalization and punctuation are found there • Abbreviate well-known publisher names if desired but with caution to avoid confusion. Some journals on the Internet do not display a traditional title page that clearly states the name of the publisher. Publisher information is required in a citation; distributor information may be included as a note.